Population introThere are four well-defined seasons, and on average, the sun shines for well over 200 days a year. The climate is harsh continental with low precipitation.
The temperature varies greatly within the year; the same phenomenon may also occur within a day.
The last 60 years of meteorological observation show annual average temperatures of 8.5C in the Gobi and -7.8C in the mountains. The extreme minimum temperature is between 31.1C below zero and 52.9C below zero in January.
The extreme maximum temperature is between 28C and 43.1C in July. Annual precipitation is low, averaging 200-220mm, ranging from under 50mm in the extreme south (Gobi desert) tom 400mm in limited areas in the north.
Most precipitation occurs in June, July and August, and the driest months are November to March.