South Mongolia

The Gobi
With its dramatic cliffs and valleys, rolling sand dunes, and "forests" of small but hardy saksaul shrubs, the ancient Gobi is one of the world's most unusual deserts. It covers

over 30 percent of the Mongolian territory (470,000 sq. km), stretches for 3,000 miles along the border of Mongolia and China and holds many thrilling surprises. The Gobi Desert is home to the snow leopard, the Gobi bear, the wild mountain sheep (Argali), Prjewalski's Horse (takhi), Asian Wild Ass, Wild Bactrian Camel, Ibex, black tailed antelope and gazelle. Surprisingly, the harsh environment has produced the most resilient and remarkable people, who know every part of this desert in the back of their heads. This is the area where Roy Chapman Andrews, the famous American paleontologist and his expedition, discovered the very first nest of dinosaur eggs on earth.

Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park
The Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park (Three Beauties of the Gobi) extends 320km from east to west, covering 2.2 million hectares of rocky and sandy plains, cliffs, saltpans and amid oasis. The Landscape of the Gobi Gurvan-Saikhan National Park is dominated by mountain ranges that are part of the Gobi-Altai Mountain ranges.

Yoliin am (Eagle Valley)
Yoliin am (GPS: N43o 29.324’, E104o 03.916’) is a picturesque valley, nestled between the beautiful peaks of the Gurvan Saikhan Mountain, and shelters rich wildlife. This is a perfect place to take a trek in breathtaking scenery.

Bayanzag (Flaming cliffs)
Bayanzag (Rich saksaul) was named after the forest of picturesque saksaul (Haloxylon ammodendron that is located in Bayanzag. It is the place where the dinosaurs lived 70 million years ago, and is internationally famous for its dinosaur remains: complete skeletons, eggs and hatchlings of the Cretaceous Period. Bayanzag (GPS: N44o 08.536’, E103o 43.206’) is 65km from Dalanzadgad, the center of Omnogobi province.

Khongoriin Els Sand Dunes
Known as “Singing” sand dunes, Khongoriin els are up to 300 meters high, 3-15 kilometers wide, and 180 kilometers long. The huge Sand Dune is a part of the desert zone which takes up 2.7% of the country's territory. Khongoriin els consist of yellow-white sand. It is bordered in the north by a band of lush, green vegetation supported by a small river, the Khongoriin Gol. Fed from underground sources, this small river runs alongside the dunes for a few kilometers, forming an oasis in the dry landscape. It feeds a number of small lakes before seeping into the soil of the steppe once more. The lakes fulfill an important role for migratory birds from China, especially in the spring.

 


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